Morphine is a non-synthetic narcotic with a high potential for abuse and is the principal constituent of opium. It is one of the most effective drugs known for the relief of severe pain.
What is its origin?
In the United States, a small percentage of the morphine obtained from opium is used directly for pharmaceutical products. The remaining morphine is processed into codeine and other derivatives.
What are common street names?
Common street names include: Dreamer, Emsel, First Line, God’s Drug, Hows, M.S., Mister
Blue, Morf, Morpho, and Unkie
What does it look like?
Morphine is marketed under generic and brand name products, including: MS-Contin®, Oramorph SR®, MSIR®, Roxanol®, Kadian®,and RMS®
How is it abused?
Traditionally, morphine was almost exclusively used by injection, but the variety of pharmaceutical forms that it is marketed as today support its use by oral and other routes of administration. Forms include: Oral solutions, immediate and sustained-release tablets and capsules, suppositories, and injectable preparations Those dependent on morphine prefer injection because the drug enters the bloodstream more quickly.
What is its effect on the mind?
Morphine’s effects include euphoria and relief of pain. Chronic use of morphine results in tolerance and physical and psychological dependence.
What is its effect on the body?
Morphine use results in relief from physical pain, decrease in hunger, and inhibition of the cough reflex.
What are its overdose effects?
Overdose effects include: Cold, clammy skin, lowered blood pressure, sleepiness, slowed breathing, slow pulse rate, coma, and possible death
Which drugs cause similar effects?
Drugs causing similar effects as morphine include: Opium, codeine, heroin, methadone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, and oxycodone
Provided by Drugs of Abuse resource guide